Then 41 percent of all Germans would use such a mobile broadband connection, shares today the industry association Bitkom, citing a study by the European Information Technology Observatory (EITO). The European average would be in 2016 with a dissemination of 37 percent of all inhabitants of a country. For the UK, the EITO study assumes that 39 percent of LTE residents use the Internet, 35 percent for Italy and 32 percent for France and Spain.
Germany benefits from the comparatively early auction of frequencies from the Digital Dividend and the early commercial launch of LTE two years ago - at that time initially only for stationary use as a replacement for DSL or cable Internet connections in the so-called white spots of broadband Map. The digital dividend frequencies have become usable through the digitization of terrestrial broadcasting and are particularly well-suited for the supply of sparsely populated regions with broadband Internet, according to Bitkom.
In the meantime, providers in eleven of the 13 federal states that are underserved by broadband have met the licensing requirements of the Federal Network Agency, and in the remaining two federal states of Brandenburg and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania the expansion has already progressed so far that a broadband coverage will soon be available. According to Bitkom, investments in the amount of eight to ten billion euros will go into LTE grid expansion by 2015. At the moment, however, there are delays in the expansion, as the Federal Network Agency does not quickly process the applications submitted by the network operators for upgrading existing mobile stations to the LTE standard.
- 20 years of mobile communications
Since July 1992, German customers can make calls in the digital mobile network. The then launched D networks were able to swiftly replace the existing but sparingly used analogue C network. We recall milestones in the now 20-year history of the GSM network in Germany.
- July 1992 - Start of the D networks in Germany
The D networks of Telekom (D1) and Mannesmann Mobilfunk (D2) start operations. The private challenger is on his toes: the D2 network will start on June 30, followed by D1 the day after. Ten company consortia had applied for the D2 license, including BMW, Springer, MAN and Daimler.
- July 1992 - GSM - God send Mobiles
The start of operation had been delayed because initially there were no cell phones. The abbreviation GSM (Global System for Mobile Telecommunications) for the digital mobile radio standard was the thrill of prayer: "God Send Mobiles." In June, Ericsson and Motorola finally have a Europe-wide approval to launch only mobile phones in suitcase format like the Motorola "International 1000 The Telekom advertises the D1 network start with two different models for the price of 3190 Mark and 3850 Mark.The basic charges amount to 79 Marks per month.
- Autumn 1992 - The first GSM mobile phone
Portable cell phones follow in the fall. The first GSM-enabled cell phone is the "Motorola International 3200", called "the bone". For the first time, the manufacturer Loewe takes up the new generic term "mobile phone" in the product name of its "HandyTel 100".
- December 1992 - SMS is introduced
The Short Message Service (SMS) is introduced. First of all, the service is a free add-on to telephony because the providers see it as a superfluous appendage to the GSM standard. Success and fee will come years later.
- May 1994 - The e-network starts
With E-Plus, the second private operator enters the telecommunications market. Behind E-Plus are Vebacom (subsidiary of the energy group Veba, today e.on) and the Thyssen group (Thyssen Telecom). The new digital mobile network is transmitting in a higher frequency band and is called an E-network.
- 1995 - SMS starts
The SMS triumphal march begins, often sent by a Nokia 2110, which was so popular at the time that it is nicknamed "folk mobile".
- February 1997 - Prepaid cards accelerate mobile phone sales
The first prepaid cards come onto the market. At Mannesmann they call CallYa, the Telekom sells them under the name Xtra.
- October 1998 - The second e-network starts operating
Already in February 1997, Viag Interkom (today O2) got the license to operate another GSM network. On October 1, 1998, the provider will start in eight metropolitan areas. Viag Interkom is later sold to the BT Group, today O2 is a brand of the Spanish Telefonica.
- 1999 - WAP, first attempt to launch the mobile Internet
The "Wireless Access Protocol" is introduced, initially missing corresponding phones (WAP = "Where Are the Phones?"). The Nokia 7110 is the first WAP-enabled mobile phone in Germany. However, access to the mobile Internet remains poor. There are only a few WAP-enabled sites, data transfer is slow and expensive.
- 1999 - The first slider phone comes from Siemens
Siemens has a feel for the market and sells the first slider phone with the SL10.
- February 4, 2000 - Vodafone wins bidding war against Mannesmann
Mannesmann is taken over by Vodafone after a months-long defensive battle. The price: 370 billion marks (about 190 billion euros). As a result, Vodafone smashes the industrial group and sells the items. Only the fixed line (Arcor) and mobile radio reserves Vodafone.
- July 2000 - UMTS auction
The mobile phone market is dominated by gold rush. Six carriers are bidding for more than 100 billion marks (more than 50 billion euros) for UMTS licenses for Germany. Mobilcom and Group 3G (Quam) will return their licenses later.
- 2001 - Mobile data transmission based on GPRS
The GPRS transmission is starting. It should help the mobile internet to break through.
- February 2002 - Blackberry comes to Germany
The Blackberry is coming to Germany after RIM's e-mail push service has taken the North American marketplace for business customers.
- 2004 - The UMTS networks go to the start
Little by little, the German carriers are launching their UMTS networks. It starts with Vodafone, closely followed by Telekom. In the summer of 2004, E-Plus and O2 are ready. The first UMTS-enabled mobile phone in the Vodafone network is the "Sony Ericsson Z1010".
- 2005 - Siemens sells mobile phone division to Benq
Siemens CEO Klaus Kleinfeld, who has only been in office for a few months, is selling Siemens mobile to the Taiwanese manufacturer BenQ. Previously, Siemens' market share of the global mobile phone business had shrunk steadily and the division slipped into the red.
- March 2006 - Mobile data transfer via HSDPA
For mobile data traffic, the carriers are now using HSDPA (High Speed Downlink Packet Access)
- September 2006 - BenQ mobile files for bankruptcy.
In the autumn of 2006, the end of production of former Siemens mobile phones in Germany is emerging. Benq mobile files for bankruptcy and closes down at the end of the year.
- 2007 - T-Mobile sells iPhones in Germany
From November 2007, the first iPhone will be available in German stores. T-Mobile sells the Apple smartphones exclusively for the price of 399 euros and a minimum basic charge of just under 50 euros per month. The iPhone makes mobile data traffic mass suitable, although the first generation does not support HSDPA, but works with the GPRS extension EDGE.
- January 2008 - Nokia closes the mobile phone factory in Bochum
At the beginning of 2008, the Finnish manufacturer Nokia announced that it would close its German production facility in Bochum by the middle of the year. The production is relocated to the Romanian town of Cluj. In the meantime, however, Nokia has stopped production there.
- 2009 - The first Android smartphones
In February, T-Mobile launches the first Android smartphone on the German market. HTC's "T-Mobile G1" had previously broken sales records in the US.
- 2012 - The first LTE-enabled mobile phone
The HTC Velocity 4G is the first LTE-enabled phone.
With 75 Mb / s in the fast lane
The LTE standard (Long Term Evolution) is the successor of UMTS and allows according to Bitkom in the first version transfer speeds of up to 75 megabits per second in the downstream. According to the industry association, the bandwidth currently used in practice is between 5 and 20 megabits per second. With the forthcoming further development of the standard for LTE-Advanced (4G), 10 to 60 megabits per second would be achieved in practice.
In the US and Korea, the first mobile operators have been making mobile phone calls via their LTE networks a few days ago. In Germany, Voice over LTE (VoLTE) will probably start later this year. Until then, only data transmissions are possible in this country via LTE, and mobile phone calls are made via GSM or UMTS networks.
powered by AreaMobile