Anonim

What is the thyroid?

The thyroid is a gland in the shape of a butterfly, located at the base of the neck, which produces hormones necessary for the regulation of the whole body. A dysfunction can cause many inconveniences on the general health. So when the thyroid gland produces too many hormones, it is hyperthyroidism, often associated with autoimmune Graves' disease.

Conversely, when the gland is idling, the patient suffers from hypothyroidism. Often alerted by certain signs, patients consult their general practitioner. The doctor will then prescribe, depending on the case, a blood test with thyroid hormone dosage, an ultrasound or a scintigraphy.

Very tired, a sign of hypothyroidism

General fatigue is often the first sign of hypothyroidism. Indeed, the lack of hormones then makes the body work in slow motion. The patient then suffers from sleep disturbances and muscle fatigue. This fatigue is also accompanied by disturbances in concentration and memory.

Weight fluctuations

A thyroid disorder often leads to weight fluctuations. In the case of hyperthyroidism, patients often experience weight loss while eating normally. Conversely, those who suffer from hypothyroidism often mention weight gain, while they are not eating more.

Temperature regulation disorders

The thyroid also controls body temperature. Hypothyroidism is manifested by chilliness and a lower temperature on the extremities (toes, nose, etc.).

Conversely, hyperthyroid people are often too hot, sweat at the slightest effort and complain of sweaty hands.